MAPPED: Catalonia is NOT alone – the regions desperate for independence threatening the EU

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Catalonia threw Spain into a constitutional crisis yesterday after declaring independence following a controversial referendum. 

But the region is not alone in its hope for independence and the aftershocks of the Catalonia crisis could further splinter the EU with dozens of regions hoping to return to autonomy and fighting their own battle to regain control. 

And this map, which shows the sheer number of regions with movements wanting greater autonomy or secessionist movements, makes a worrying read for EU chiefs.

President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, has admitted “cracks” are appearing in the EU after Catalonia declared itself independent of Spain. 

The map highlights the Basque Country where nationalists have wanted political unity for all Basque-speaking people in Spain and France since the 19th century. 

The success in Catalonia could give the Basque Country a reason to resume its fight for independence from the Spanish central government. 

A new generation of young Basques who feel ignored by Madrid could decide to revisit Eta’s unilateral 2010 ceasefire.

The group killed more than 800 people in a 50-year campaign for an independent state. 

The map shows the Orkney Islands, which is exploring independence from Scotland and the UK following Brexit. 

More than half of the local politicians have demanded an investigation into “greater autonomy or self-determination” after the vote to leave the European Union. 

Orkney has traditionally been against Scottish independence and prefers Westminster government to Holyrood. 

The Galicia independence movement is a political movement, which supports the independence of the region. 

Some groups also propose a unification with Portugal, the military organisation is called ‘Restistencia Galega’. 

The Isle of Man, Cornwall and Sicily also feature in the map. 

In 2014, 89 per cent of people in Venice in Italy voted for independence in an online petition, which led to the forming of a party called ‘Veneto Si’. 

Before the First World War, South Tyrol in Italy belonged to Austria, but became part of Italy when the conflict ended.

Many people feel closer to the Austrians and there are strong voices calling for independence. 

The map also shows Scotland where the Scottish National Party (SNP) has been campaigning for full independence since it was founded in 1934.

The leader of the SNP, Nicola Sturgeon, has said another referendum is likely since the Brexit vote.

The Welsh Nationalist Party has been campaigning for independence since it was founded in 1925. 

According to a recent poll, 40 per cent of Welsh voters support more powers for the assembly and around 25 per cent are in favour of full independence. 

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